Phase 3 - Approach of UXO

If the UXO detection survey reveals suspect locations, phase 3 is carried out. Aim of these field activities is to expose, identify and, if necessary, remove suspect objects. The person responsible for the disposal of unexploded ordnance (UXO) is an explosives expert.

I - Work preparation for approach
A project plan and a project control plan are drawn up. The safety measures are established based on a risk evaluation. Besides safety measures, liabilities, authorizations, approach strategy and communication are established in the project plan, which needs to be formally approved by all parties involved.

II - Approach and identification
The suspect object will be dug up and identified by an explosives expert. In some cases protected excavators of civil engineering companies will be used. If the suspect object turns out to be an UXO, phases III and IV are carried out. If not, the area, will be restored in it's original state.

III - Temporary securing and/or storing of detected UXO
If an UXO is found during the approach activities, additional safety measures will often be applied. The explosive will, depending on the situation, be stored in a secured ammunition container or covered awaiting the arrival of the Explosives Clearing Service (EOD)of the Ministry of Defense.

IV - Hand over to the Explosives Clearing Service
The UXO will then be registered by the EOD and rendered harmless safely. Depending on the state of the UXO this can be done on the spot, on a location nearby that has been determined in advance or on a location elsewhere assigned by the EOD.

V - Delivery and Evaluation
A "Declaration Clear of Explosives" will be issued and the project will be evaluated together with the client.