TISA® 2D Borehole Radar

T&A Survey’s TISA 2D  is  a simple, safe and clear way to receive data about the subsurface. The TISA 2D can be used in various shallow and deep underground applications where surface radar operation is not feasible.

2 Antennas in 1 borehole

What makes TISA 2D unique is its reflection mode, where both antennas are located in a single tool inside the same borehole. The transmitted pulses are reflected by a nearby object and detected by the receiver antenna. The depth of the antenna system and the measured pulse two-way travel time defines the 2D position of the detected object.  

GPR in built environments

Dense urban environments present different challenges than open, unobstructed areas where ground penetrating radar (GPR) is usually applied. What if the buried object is under a concrete slab or under a building? TISA 2D BHR can detect such targets. When there is a contrast of electromagnetic properties between the target and its surroundings, it is possible to isolate and precisely locate the buried object.  

Applications of TISA 2D

TISA 2D can be applied in any circumstances where objects or structures located in the subsurface have different electromagnetic properties to their surroundings. Common applications are:

Data Processing Software

Collected data is displayed, processed and interpreted using T&A’s property software TISAMap, providing unsurpassed accuracy and clarity of the results.    

Option: two boreholes

Transillumination mode measurements, with transmitting and receiving antennas in two different boreholes, extends the area of application.

Projects and case studies

The TISA 2D Borehole Radar has been successfully used in a wide range of projects: from detection of sinkholes to the detection of UXO and concrete walls. In Europe, TISA 2D is mostly used for the detection and identification of World War II UXO. In areas where explosives are located, the TISA 2D can be used to detect UXO, metal objects such as underground storage tanks or steel drums.

Software TISAMap

TISAMap is the specifically designed software package to display, process and interpret radar data recorded with TISA 2D. Besides standard processing steps such as Dewow and AGC gain application, TISAMap allows to subdivide the recorded depth interval into user defined horizontal layers. This feature is especially useful for vertically recorded radar profiles which are often affected by changing soil conditions with depth. By insertion of several layers the user has the ability to apply individual processing parameters to the different soil layers (e.g. clayish vs. sandy layers).

Interactive hyperbola fitting allows the estimation of the ground velocity and hence the permittivity for each layer. Subsequently, a time-distance conversion can be applied to locate a detected object in space. TISAMap allows for an efficient and state of the art processing, interpretation and display of all your recorded borehole data.

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